Footprints in the Sand 5.7 Million Years Ago- Genesis, Relativity and Evolution

Homind Footprints 5.7 Million Years Ago at Crete; Eden the Flood and Creation

Fossilized footprints 5.7 million years old of a hominid with human-like feet were found by archaeologists on the tiny Greek island of Trachilos just off the coast of Crete. Those hominids are thought to be a line that evolved into human beings. There are no older hominids with human-like rather than ape-like feet known.

The Mises-Richenbach frequency theorem notes statistical probabilities of an occurrence and pattern of events. One may use it in various ways, such as in the likelihood that it wasn’t a rare footprint that was captured of some individual wanderer. Instead it was probably one step saved amid thousands of hominids that passed that way so long ago.

The location is one that people passing from a rising sea level may have taken. It is believed a catastrophic flood filled the Mediterranean Basin 5.3 million years ago. The dates have some wiggle-room of course and are inexact. Even so the Mediterranean sea-floor garden of Eden paradise may have begun filling slowly earlier than 5.3 million years ago and gave way in a final surge. Truth filtered through time and the fog of history may reappear in various ways the discerning may piece together.

Hominids living in the decreasing space of their paradise on the sea floor may have moved increasingly toward an outcrop of and or a ridge line leading to Crete. As the sea-floor space was filled with water more people may have used the point of land that would eventually become the present-day island of Trachilos.

Obviously no one besides God could have known of those events and provided that knowledge to Middle Eastern oral histories in the 5th Millennium B.C.. It is interesting though that the most ancient written human story; The Gilgamesh Epic (that is quite paradigmatically similar to the Biblical flood story and may have been recapitulated y the ‘J’ writer of Genesis as well as the writer of an equally aged Atrahasis Epic that is another version.) has Gilgamesh crossing the Mediterranean from Lebanon to Snappishness’s island. Wikipedia describes Utnapishtim as ‘”character in the Epic of Gilgamesh who is tasked by Enki to abandon his worldly possessions and create a giant ship to be called The Preserver of Life.” Enki was the god of creation that religious tradition.

One obviously finds paradigmatic axis conicidence with the paradigm of creation, judgment and eventual salvation in the histories. There is much to think about.

 Gilgamesh journeys to meet the now-immortal Utnaphishtim after a perilous journey up beyond the waters and over the mountains (Lebanon and anti-Lebanon Mountains perhaps) past the scorpions people and the 12 double hours of absolute darkness to reach possibly Sidon where Utnaphishtim’s boatman take him on a journey far over what is probably the Mediterranean Sea to the island of Utnaphishtim. Gilgamesh is seeking immortality from Utnaphishtim, but fails the prerequisite of staying awake for 6 days…instead Gilgamesh falls asleep for six days.

God issued light straight away in the first fraction of a second of Creation. Then he worked six days. Consider how special relativity relates to the creation early-in particular the 6 days of creation.

Gilgamesh may have traveled to Trachilos.

The Protoevangelium-first occurrence of the idea of redemption from the fall is said to occur in the garden itself with the mention of the bruising of the head of the serpent. The good news and covenant relationships grow simultaneous with the experience of mankind. 5.3 million years ago

Georges Cuvier (1769-1832), the discoverer of the changes in fossil depositions seeming to be mass extinctions which later came to be called the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic thought that the Biblical flood might have been the cause (ref. Evolutionary Catastrophes by Vincent Courtillot page 4).

Was the cataclysmic flood that covered the world more than a regional event within ancient Mesopotamian terminological and reference criteria meaning the ancient Kingdom of Urartu transliterated as Ararat by the Jews? Or was it a reference to one of the mass extinctions of the natural historical record (99% of the species that have existed on Earth are extinct presently), or to the cataclysmic in filling flood of the Mediterranean Sea basin from the Atlantic?

Genesis 9-11:12 King James Version “11And I will establish my covenant with you, neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.

12And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations:”

One year to God is for man 365,000 years

Patriarchal life spans summed before flood literal conversion equals 6,719 years

Time of Earth before flood with Petrine literal conversion 2,453, 235,000 years

2,453,235,000 years before Christ’s human birth is rather close to the geological, scientific time scale hypothesis of the creation of life on Earth in the Protozeroic era. The oldest life on Earth was considered by evolutionary biologists perhaps to be cyanobacteria. Its start is somewhat debatable and conjectural of course since there isn’t a fossil record of it generally. Blue green algae are of a fairly basic form. Multi-cellular life began perhaps 1.5 to two billion years later.

Genesis & Geological Eras

It is remarkable that so much of the controversy about the place of natural selection in the parameters of Biblical Creationism and it’s content about the origin of life has been around the debate of life evolving, changing and so forth or created in finished forms, and also about the debate upon the time order of creation as occurring over a lengthy period of time or nearly all at once as it were over six ‘days’. The indeterminacy of translation could easily be applied to the controversy to point out that the time literals of Genesis given were those that would be comprehensible to 4th millennium man, that God has power that is beyond the normal context of human understanding including that of present physicists and biologists, and that the literal values of the time periods given may simply have been representative such as geologists use to label a vast time period such as Archaean, Proterozoic, Precambrian, Paleozoic or Ediacaran.


Life on Earth in the modern geophysical criterion is believed to have begun 2600 million years ago in the oceans. For approximately two billion years simple organism existed without multi-cellular structures, which are believed to have formed about 600 million years ago. 600 million years ago those multi-cellular organisms are believed to have developed to the point of forming hard shells or skeletons to be deposited in fossils. Paleontologists have worked on interpreting the fossil record since.


Names were given to the three primary era of life on the Earth that is believed to have begun about 2600 million years ago with non-multi-cellular life. The first era of multi-cellular life was named the Paleozoic (540 -250 million years before present), the second era with the rise of multi-cellular organism was named the Mesozoic (250-65 million years before present), and the third era was named the Cenozoic beginning 65 million years before the present.

It is interesting to consider the mass extinctions that developed or evolved during these era transitions,  which is the primary reason for drawing the lines, within Genesis paradigms and even New Testament criteria.

Grudgingly perhaps some literalists admit the world is not flat and that the Sun does not circle around the Earth. Even so the recalcitrance of select evangelicals to adopt relativity as a valid parameter when interpreting Genesis can lead to some bad science and hermeneutic.

Genesis chapter 1 verses 1-5

1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.

4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.”


Christians should stipulate that God’s power travels at least at the speed of light. The famous twin’s paradox used to explain time dilation in the special theory of relativity can usefully be applied to the following Genesis one parameters in order to show how many human days it would take traveling at 25,000 m.p.h. to go as far as God could at the speed of light in the same six days. to


5.785344×10¹² miles traveling at c (the speed of light) for six days


33,323,581,440 years it would take traveling at 25,000 mph to travel 5.785344×10¹² miles


That is six days of creation for God would take approximately 33 billion human years. Since I used the value of 25,000 for human rocket travel without time dilation speed effects of greater than 1% and the number might actually be somewhat higher I may have generated too high of value for the human experience. It could perhaps be just a few billion years.

God however is eternal and in some way may configure dimensions to create the complex appearance of energy and fields, space-time and form. His power would be super-luminal of course because all space-time coordinates and energized fields are contained within His being.


On the end of the planet Earth and the atmosphere (heaven definition 1 of 3) the Apostle Peter wrote…


2 Peter chapter 3 verses 12-13 “12 Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?


13 Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.”


The parameters of this description coincide with those astrophysicists predict will end the existence of the Earth a few billion years from the present when the sun reaches a red giant phase and will burn up the Earth’s atmosphere and everything on Earth-that is the Earth will melt and dissolve.


A new place to live wherein dwells righteousness-Jesus Christ-is a place to look forward to not only for people living toward the end times when or wherever but for Christians of any age. The kingdom of God is a new ‘land, Earth, realm etc.’ regardless of its composition. The kingdom of God is within you-a relativistic space-time where place and spirit rather than time are juxtaposed.


I considered the fact of day as a unit understood in the 2nd millennium B.C. mostly referring to the period where the Earth turns one full revolution (though the ancients didn’t know that the Earth rotated) and from that point made an inference. I think God would work more than 8 hours a day-maybe 10. Some people include night as part of day of course. Though if someone said that it was 6 days walk to village delta they may have meant walking all night too, or not. If one wanted to walk at night and take that risk maybe village delta was three days walk-one can’t be sure about the specific use sometimes. They might have meant just walking in the light when  lions weren’t prowling about.

 I should note a minor point before moving on to comment on the relation of special relativity to the six days of creation. In Genesis 1 -5“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.”


There is an empty space evidently before light or anything else existed. In contemporary cosmology though energy was created at T=0 light did not emerge until the CMB scattering at 380 thousand years post time=0.


God created the qualities that Einstein would later discover and name special relativity too. How could he communicate ideas to people with time scales beyond their ability to comprehend until very recently? How would those ideas be expressed in works such as the Bible?